Below you can find a list of terms that you may be wondering about. If you’d like to see a term listed here, please comment below or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
This list will be updated periodically.
antioxidant – a substance that increases the shelf life of a fat by eliminating free radicals that accumulate as the fat decomposes, keeps fats from going rancid too quickly — not to be confused with a preservative!
emulsifier – the ingredient that brings your water and oil together so lotion will be smooth and won’t separate; often a wax but beeswax is quite ineffective in most cases
fat – another word for oils and butters
fat phase – see oil phase
oil phase – the ingredients that make up the fatty part of your emulsion in a lotion recipe; butters, emulsifiers, and thickeners are part of the oil phase too
preservative – a chemical that reduces the growth of microbes such as bacteria, fungus, and mold in products that contain emulsions — not to be confused with antioxidants!
water phase – the liquid portion of your emulsion in a lotion recipe; can be water or many other liquids